Yellowstone Serial

Over the course of Yellowstone 's first two seasons, the series has surprised many industry insiders by becoming one of the most-watched series on television, earning as many as five million. Yellowstone's most recent finale may have left the fate of a number of cast members up in the air, but there is good news for fans—Season 4 has already been ordered by the Paramount Network. The Kevin Costner -led series was an almost-instant hit. Nearly 5 million viewers tuned in for the Yellowstone series premiere, and the ratings held throughout the season, making Yellowstone the. Yellowstone officially returned to TV with Season 3 last month, and it features the same sprawling, idyllic scenery that captivated all of us in Seasons 1 and 2. The Paramount Network drama.

By/Nov. 10, 2020 3:31 pm EDT

Spoilers forYellowstoneseason 3 below.

The Paramount Network's Yellowstone is famously unsentimental about the West, and so when the show talks about branding, know that it's not a metaphor.

Branding on Yellowstone includes an actual branding iron in the shape of the Dutton Ranch logo heated over a flame and pressed into the skin of a devoted ranch hand. It's a big deal, and a not-so-subtle clue as to how unsparing life on the Yellowstone Ranch can be. If that's how the Duttons treat their friends, imagine what they do to their enemies?

The way it's been used throughout the show's three seasons has been a source of some confusion, with some fans asking questions about the ranch's brutal initiation, and who exactly qualifies for the brand.

'I thought branding was basically 'You messed up so badly, you take this brand and we own you forever,' writes u/ChaserNeverRests on Reddit, 'get the brand or we kill you/leave you to die/leave you to the cops'. If that's the case, then why the heck were Colby and Teeter branded?' It's a fair question, since nothing about the Yellowstone brand is entirely straightforward.


Which characters have received the brand on Yellowstone?

The first character branded on the show is Jimmy Hurdstrom (Jefferson White), and it happens in the show's first episode. Jimmy's grandfather Dirk asks John Dutton (Kevin Costner) to give him a chance working on the ranch despite the fact that Jimmy has a record, and soon after the ranch's foreman and chief enforcer Rip Wheeler (Cole Hauser) shows up at Jimmy's trailer at night and threatens him with being turned in to the sheriff if he doesn't take the brand and come to work on the ranch. It's presented as an initiation, something required of him to show he's willing to sacrifice and endure for the sake of the job.

But not every hand gets the brand, at least not immediately. Colby (Denim Richards) has been around since season 1 and Teeter (Jennifer Landon) since early in season 3, but they don't receive their brands until the ninth episode of the third season. It happens after the pair are attacked by Wade Morrow (Boots Sunderland) and his son Clint (Brent Walker). The ranch enacts Dutton's revenge on the pair, which leaves the Morrows dead and the brand Wade once received cut off his chest by Rip. In this instance, branding Colby and Teeter is the ranch's way of sealing the deal and ensuring its secrets are kept.

In mafia terms, the Yellowstone brand marks a made guy (or gal)

'It is both a mark of being 'beyond redemption' to society, but also a badge of honor on the ranch itself,' writes u/thehackneyedcarriage in response to the original post. 'It signals you removing yourself from regular society, and those who've been through the same will defend you with their lives, unless you betray them.'

As Richards put it in an interview with TV Insider, the brand is a way of showing that the laid-back Colby has come to understand he can't stay out of the fight. 'It was not only that rite of passage,' Richards said, 'which is very ceremonial, but also this way of, you know we're also getting branded because there's a big fight that's going to end up happening and you need to have all hands on deck.'

If the cliffhanger at the end of season 3 is any indication, then the big fight is just getting started. Viewers can see more of how the brand changes Colby and Teeter when Yellowstone season 4 debuts in June of 2021.

Cary Anthony Stayner

August 13, 1961 (age 59)
Other namesThe Yosemite (Park) Killer
Conviction(s)First degree murder, 4 counts
Criminal penaltyDeath
Span of crimes
February–July 1999
CountryUnited States

Cary Anthony Stayner (born August 13, 1961) is an Americanserial killer and the older brother of kidnapping victim Steven Stayner. He was convicted of the murders of four women between February and July 1999: Carole Sund, her teenage daughter Juli Sund and their teenage traveling companion Silvina Pelosso; and Yosemite Institute naturalist Joie Ruth Armstrong. The murders occurred in Mariposa County, California, near Yosemite National Park. Stayner was sentenced to death for the four murders, and is still on death row at San Quentin Penitentiary in California.[1]

Early life[edit]

Cary Stayner was born and raised in Merced, California.[2] His younger brother, Steven Stayner, was kidnapped by child molesterKenneth Parnell in 1972, when Cary was 11, and held captive for more than seven years before escaping and being reunited with his family.[3] Stayner later said that he felt neglected while his parents grieved over the loss of Steven.[4]

When Steven escaped from Parnell and returned home in 1980, he received massive media attention. A true crime book and TV movie, both titled I Know My First Name is Steven, were made about the ordeal. Steven died in a motorcycle accident in 1989. The following year Stayner's uncle Jesse, with whom he was living at the time, was murdered. Stayner later claimed that his uncle molested him at the same period as when Steven was kidnapped.[5]

Stayner is reported to have attempted suicide in 1991,[6] and was arrested in 1997 for possession of marijuana[4] and methamphetamine,[7] although these charges were eventually dropped.



In 1997, Stayner was hired as a handyman at the Cedar Lodge motel in El Portal, California, just outside the Highway 140 entrance to Yosemite National Park.[4] Between February and July 1999, he murdered two women and two teenagers: 42-year-old Carole Sund, her daughter, 15-year-old Juli Sund, Juli's friend, 16-year-old Argentine exchange student Silvina Pelosso, and Yosemite Institute employee Joie Ruth Armstrong, a 26-year old naturalist.[5]Macbook air restart frozen.

The first two victims, Carole Sund and Pelosso, were found in the trunk of the charred remains of Sund's Pontiac rental car.[5] The bodies were burned beyond recognition and were identified using dental records. A note was sent to police with a hand-drawn map indicating the location of the third victim, Sund's daughter Juli.[5] The top of the note read, 'We had fun with this one.' Investigators went to the location depicted on the map and found the remains of Juli, whose throat had been cut.

Detectives began interviewing employees of the Cedar Lodge motel where the first three victims had been staying just before their deaths. One of those employees was Stayner, but he was not considered a suspect at that point because he had no criminal history and remained calm during the police interview.[8]

When the decapitated body of Joie Ruth Armstrong was found, eyewitnesses said they saw a blue 1979 International Scout parked outside the cabin where she was staying. Detectives traced this vehicle to Stayner, which led to him becoming the prime suspect in the case.[5]FBI agents John Boles and Jeff Rinek found Stayner staying at the Laguna del Sol nudist resort in Wilton, where he was arrested and taken to Sacramento for questioning. During his interrogation, Stayner shocked the agents when he confessed not only to Armstrong's decapitation, but to the murders of Pelosso and the Sunds, and the sending of the map for finding Juli Sund's body as well.[9] His vehicle yielded evidence proving his link to Armstrong.

Stayner claimed after his arrest that he had fantasized about murdering women since he was seven years old, long before the abduction of his brother.[10]

Trial and conviction[edit]

Stayner pleaded not guilty by reason of insanity. His lawyers claimed that the Stayner family had a history of sexual abuse and mental illness, manifesting itself not only in the murders, but also his obsessive-compulsive disorder and his request to be provided with child pornography in return for his confession.[11] Dr. Jose Arturo Silva testified that Stayner had obsessive-compulsive disorder, mild autism, and paraphilia.[12] He was nevertheless found sane and convicted of four counts of first degree murder by a jury on August 27, 2002.[13]

Sentencing and wait for execution[edit]

In 2002, during the penalty phase of his trial, Stayner was sentenced to death and thereafter entered housing in the Adjustment Center on death row at San Quentin Penitentiary in California.[14] Stayner remains on death row as of May 2021[15][1] though there have been no executions in California since a 2006 court ruling over flaws discovered in the administration of capital punishment in the state.[15]

Media portrayals[edit]

  • Stayner's case was featured in an episode of American Justice produced in 2002.[16]
  • Stayner was mentioned on Criminal Minds, in the season five episode 'A Rite of Passage'.
  • In 2011, Stayner's investigation and arrest were featured in an episode of FBI: Criminal Pursuit, titled 'Trail of Terror', airing on Investigation Discovery.[17]
  • In 2013, the history of Stayner's progress from student to convicted murderer was told in an episode of the U.K. television series Born to Kill? titled, 'Yosemite Park Slayer.'[18]
  • The American Court TV (now TruTV) television series Mugshots released an episode on the Stayner case titled Cary Stayner - The Cedar Lodge Killings.[19]
  • In 2018, the Reelz channel aired an hour-long documentary about the murders that was titled, 'Yosemite Park Killer'.
  • In January 2019, ABC News' 20/20 ran a story covering the Stayner brothers, titled “Evil in Eden”.
  • July 19, 2019 ABC News' 20/20 ran a story covering the Stayner brothers, titled 'Black Sheep'.
  • August 30, 2020 HLN aired 'The Yosemite Murders: The Missing Women (Part 1)' and 'The Yosemite Murders: The Evil Side (Part 2)', from the documentary series How It Really Happened.
  • October 31, 2020, the Australian true crime podcast Casefile True Crime Podcast released the first of two episodes on Stayner with the title 'The Yosemite Sightseer Murders.' The second episode was released on November 7, 2020. The podcast had released an episode on Steven Stayner's kidnapping earlier in 2020.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Allie Yang, Joseph Rhee, and Keren Schiffman, 2019, 'Steven and Cary Stayner: The tale of two brothers' horror and heroism', ABC News (online), July 19, 201, See [1], accessed 2 September 2020. [Subtitle: 'The two brothers are both famous and both knew unspeakable horror.']
  • Mara Bovsun, 2012, 'Justice Story: Twisted trail of 'Yosemite murders' leads to resort handyman,' New York Daily News (online), Sunday, September 30, 2012, see [2], accessed 12 June 2015. [Subtitle: 'Cary Stayner planned to kill his girlfriend and her daughter; instead he killed 4 other women.']
  • CNN, 2001 [1999], 'Yosemite suspect confesses to 4 killings, (online), July 27, 1999, see [3], accessed 12 June 2015.
  • Stacy Finz, 2002, 'Yosemite killer sentenced to death,' SFGATE (online), December 13, 2002, see [4], accessed 12 June 2015. [Excerpts from Stayner's confession; subtitle: 'Terrible details of Stayner case stun even the judge.']
  • Smith, Carlton (1999), Murder at Yosemite, St. Martin's True Crime Library, St. Martins Press, ISBN978-0312974572
  • McDougal, Dennis (2000), The Yosemite Murders, Ballantine Books, ISBN978-0345438348


  1. ^ ab'Stayner, Cary Anthony'. Inmate Locator. California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
  2. ^ Editors. 'Yosemite killer Cary Stayner born'. A&E Television Networks. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  3. ^'Crash ends life scarred by childhood abduction'. The Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington: Cowles Company. Associated Press. September 18, 1989. pp. A1–A2. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
  4. ^ abcSward, Susan; Finz, Stacy; May, Meredith; Minton, Torri (July 30, 1999). 'Overshadowed All His Life'. San Francisco Chronicle. San Francisco, California: Hearst Corporation. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
  5. ^ abcdeFinz, Stacy (December 15, 2002). 'The case of a lifetime'. San Francisco Chronicle. San Francisco, California: Hearst Corporation. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
  6. ^Gray, Orrin (11 September 2017). 'The Yosemite Killer: Cary Stayner's Twisted Mind'. The Lineup. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
  7. ^Bailey, Eric; Arax, Mark (July 26, 1999). 'Man Is Suspect in Both Yosemite Murder Cases'. Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, California: Tronc. Retrieved June 28, 2018.
  8. ^Finz, Stacy (December 14, 2002). 'The Case of a Lifetime, Part Two'. San Francisco Chronicle. San Francisco, California: Hearst Corporation. Archived from the original on June 28, 2008. Retrieved August 13, 2016.
  9. ^'Yosemite suspect confesses to 4 killings'. CNN. Atlanta, Georgia. July 27, 1999. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
  10. ^Hammer, Joshua (November 1, 1999). 'The Yosemite Horror'. Outside. Retrieved June 9, 2018.
  11. ^Geringer, Joseph (February 12, 1999). 'Cary Stayner and the Yosemite Murders'. truTV Crime Library. Archived from the original on May 13, 2008. Retrieved April 9, 2011.
  12. ^Finz, Stacy (July 30, 2002). 'Stayner called mentally impaired / Psychiatrist testifies for defense'. San Francisco Chronicle. San Francisco, California: Hearst Corporation. Retrieved July 15, 2015.
  13. ^Finz, Stacy (August 27, 2002). 'Stayner guilty of 1st-degree murder / Former handyman could now face death penalty'. San Francisco Chronicle. San Francisco, California: Hearst corporation. Retrieved June 9, 2018.
  14. ^Finz, Stacy (December 13, 2002). 'Yosemite killer sentenced to death / Terrible details of Stayner case stun even the judge'. San Francisco Chronicle. San Francisco, California: Hearst Corporation. Retrieved June 1, 2018.
  15. ^ abJardine, Jeff (July 26, 2014). 'Waiting out the death penalty'. Modesto Bee. Modesto, California: McClatchy. Archived from the original on August 8, 2018. Retrieved June 1, 2018.
  16. ^'The Yosemite Killer'. American Justice. New York City. 2003. A&E Television Networks.
  17. ^Director: David Haycox (2011). 'Trail of Terror'. FBI: Criminal Pursuit. Season 1. Investigation Discovery.
  18. ^Director: Neil Edwards (September 3, 2013). 'Yosemite Park Slayer'. Born to Kill?. Season 1. Episode 4. London, England. Sky UK.
  19. ^'MUGSHOTS: CARY STAYNER – THE CEDAR LODGE KILLINGS'. FilmRise. Archived from the original on 6 October 2017. Retrieved 8 November 2017.

External links[edit]

  • Documentary series from Court TV (now TruTV) 'MUGSHOTS: Cary Stayner -The Cedar Lodge Killings' episode (2002) at FilmRise

Yellowstone Serial Trailer

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