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Setting up XAMPP: General Notes

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Setting up XAMPP is not terribly difficult or time-consuming. It lets you test your website at a special URL, http://localhost/, that makes it possible to use root-relative paths, run PHP scripts, and do other kinds of things your live website will do.

Many developers start web development in their local environment and when the work is done, they migrate their site to a live environment. The local setup provi This tutorial provides an overview of Windows 10 with XAMPP virtual host configuration and how it plays an important role in the modern website development. XAMPP is a web server required to run your server side code of OpenCart. In order to install XAMPP, click here and download the latest version as per your operating system. After you download run the program and your XAMPP setup will start. Keep everything as default. Navigate to C:/xampp/apache/conf/extra or wherever your XAMPP files are located. Open the file named httpd-vhosts.conf with a text editor. You can see all lines are commented using #. OS X XAMPP-VM FAQs; Add-ons. Bitnami provides a free all-in-one tool to install Drupal, Joomla!, WordPress and many other popular open source apps on top of XAMPP. Visit Bitnami XAMPP or click to see full list of add-ons for XAMPP. On the XAMPP papel, click the bar Config and bar go to XAMPP - Apache- httpd-xampp.conf and edit the file or C: xamppnew apache conf extra httpd-xampp.conf. You can opened it by editor like Sublime Text 3. In the file find the text “Require localhost” and replace it with “Require all granted”. Now save and close the file.

Windows instructions immediately follow; Mac users can jump right to the OS X instructions.

XAMPP Setup: Windows

These steps have been tested with XAMPP version 1.7.4 on a USB drive on Windows XP, Windows Vista, and Windows 7. Please contact the author if you run into any problems so that these instructions can be improved, if necessary.

  1. Download either the ZIP or the 7zip archive of XAMPP for Windows from the XAMPP site; do not download the installer. The 7zip archive is smaller, so it downloads faster; but it may take longer to unzip, up to 10 or 15 minutes, depending on the speed of your computer.
  2. Unzip the ZIP or 7zip archive; if you don’t have an unzipping utility, try 7-Zip.
  3. Copy the unzipped xampp folder to the root of your USB drive (in other words, don’t place it inside of another folder). If your unzipping program has created a folder that has xampp inside of it (e.g., some unzipping programs will create a folder like xampp-win32-1.7.4-VC6/), move just the xampp folder to the root of your drive. Depending on the speed of your USB drive, that, too, make take a little while, too (15 or 20 minutes).

    Windows XP screenshot of the xampp folder in its proper place: in the root of a USB drive (in this case, the USB drive’s letter is F:).

  4. Load XAMPP by double-clicking on the xampp folder and finding and then double-clicking the xampp-control.exe file. (If you don’t see the .exe extension, the file will still work—but you should Google for show file extensions and the name of your operating system (Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP; see pages 45-47 in the book).
  5. Start the Apache web server by clicking the Start button on the XAMPP Control Panel. Windows Vista and Windows 7 users may get a warning about Windows Firewall; click Cancel on any firewall warning windows that pop up.

    Windows XP screenshot of the XAMPP Control Panel with the Apache web server running.

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  6. Test that XAMPP is running properly by going to the URL http://localhost/ in your browser (type the whole thing, including the http:// part; notice there’s no www. or .com). You should see the XAMPP welcome screen if all is working correctly.

    Windows XP screenshot of the XAMPP splash screen in Firefox.

  7. Some users may get an error from XAMPP that states another service is using Port 80 (Skype, for example, is known to use that port.) If everything is working for you, skip to the next step. If you get an error like that, use your text editor (like Notepad++) to open up the httpd.conf file. Go to the xampp folder, then into the apache folder, and finally into the conf folder, where you will find the the httpd.conf file. Locate the line in the file that reads Listen 80 using the Find function in your text editor. Around line 37, you will find a block of text that looks like: Comment out the line that reads Listen 80 by putting a hash (#) in front of it; below that line, write your own line that reads Listen 8000. This part of your file will now look like: Start or stop and start Apache from the XAMPP Control Panel. Point your browser to http://localhost:8000/, and you should see the XAMPP welcome screen. Remember to use http://localhost:8000/ instead of http://localhost/ when you’re developing your site.
  8. To develop your own site, you’ll want to rename the existing htdocs folder inside of the xampp folder to htdocs-original. (You can rename it back if you need, for example, to configure the MySQL database for use with WordPress development.) Then create your own new htdocs folder for your site, or download, unzip, and copy over the htdocs folder from the Rapid Prototyping Kit and get to work on your site. (You might want to stop and restart Apache in the XAMPP Control Panel before you start working.)

XAMPP Setup: Mac OS X

Unfortunately, the OS X version of XAMPP will not run on a USB drive; you must have administrative rights on any Mac that you wish to install and run XAMPP on. These instructions have been tested on OS X Leopard and OS X Snow Leopard using XAMPP version 1.7.3. Please contact the author if you run into any problems so that these instructions can be improved, if necessary.

  1. Download XAMPP for Mac OS X (Universal Binary) from the XAMPP site. Double-click the installer, and drag the XAMPP folder to your Applications folder. (You may have to enter your adminstrative username and/or password).
  2. Find the XAMPP Control application, which will be in an XAMPP folder inside of your Applications folder. Double-click the XAMPP Control application to launch.
  3. A little Control window will pop up; click the Start button next to Apache. You will be prompted to enter your administrative username and/or password.

    Mac OS X screenshot of the XAMPP Control window, with Apache running.

  4. Open your browser to http://localhost/; you should see the XAMPP splash page. If you are getting an error about another service using Port 80, see the end of this document.
  5. Now things get a little complex. The Applications folder on a Mac is a restricted area of sorts, so it’s important to configure XAMPP to read from an htdocs folder than you can write to from your user account easily.
  6. Go to your home folder in a Finder window; Look for the little house icon with your username next to it, and click on it.
  7. In the Finder window, create a new htdocs folder (File > New Folder from the Finder menu). Or, download and unzip the Rapid Prototyping Kit (RPK) and copy its htdocs folder to your home folder.
  8. In your favorite text editor (like TextWrangler), create a new text file and put a little line of text in it, like: Save the file as hello.txt, inside of the htdocs folder you created or moved over from the RPK. The hello.txt will be for testing your new XAMPP configuration.
  9. Now use your text editor to open the XAMPP httpd.conf file. This contains the Apache Web server configuration that XAMPP uses. Go to the Applications folder, then XAMPP, then etc; you'll see httpd.conf listed there. Open it.
  10. Once you’ve opened the httpd.conf file, you should immediately make a copy of it, just in case you make a mistake. Choose File > Save As.. in your editor, and save the file as httpd.conf.original. You will probably be prompted for your administrative username and password.
  11. Then, choose File > Save As.. again and save as httpd.conf, so that you’re back to editing the httpd.conf that XAMPP reads (and not the httpd.conf.original file that you can use in an emergency).
  12. Now to edit the httpd.conf file. Use the Find function in TextWrangler (Search > Find..) and search for the text DocumentRoot (one word, no space). TextWrangler should take you to around line 174 of the httpd.conf file, where you will see:
  13. Comment out the DocumentRoot line that’s there by putting a hash (#) in front of it. Then, on the line below the one you comment out, write a new DocumentRoot line, replacing yourusername as in the example below with your real username on your Mac. The DocumentRoot part of your file should now look like this:
  14. Next, scroll down a little further (about 30 lines) in the httpd.conf, where you will see:
  15. As you did with the DocumentRoot line, you’ll comment out the <Directory .. line by inserting a hash (#) in front of it. Start a new line below it, following the pattern of the line you commented out, and write the same path you did in the DocumentRoot line above. This part of your file should now look like:
  16. Save the file as httpd.conf; you might have to enter your administrative username and password again.
  17. Now the moment of truth: if you left XAMPP running, stop and then start it again from the XAMPP Control window. Point your browser to http://localhost/hello.txt, the text file you created; you should see your simple “Hello there! This is just to test XAMPP.” message. If you do, go ahead and delete the hello.txt file. You are now ready to start building your site, and testing it on a local web server.

Some users may get an error from XAMPP that states another service is using Port 80 (Skype, for example, is known to use that port.) If you get an error like that, open up the httpd.conf file, and search for Listen 80 using the find function. Around line 30, you will find a block of text that looks like:

Comment out the line that reads Listen 80 by putting a hash (#) in front of it; below that line, write your own line that reads Listen 8000. This part of your file will now look like:

Start or stop and start XAMPP from its little Control window. Point your browser to http://localhost:8000/hello.txt, and you should see your see your simple “Hello there! This is just to test XAMPP.” message. If you do, go ahead and delete the hello.txt file. Remember to use http://localhost:8000/ instead of http://localhost/ when you’re developing your site.

XAMPP Free Web Server Solution Stack

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XAMPP server provides a suitable development environment to build, test and verify the working of web projects locally.

XAMPP

XAMPP is a free and open source web server solution stack. It helps developers to test their web apps or websites on their development environment. It has all the necessary components including Apache, Perl, MySQL database, and PHP.

XAMPP provides a reliable development environment for Perl and PHP based web application. Moreover, It provides MariaDB and MySQL for database management. After XAMPP successful installation, you can start and stop each module by using XAMPP Control Panel. For testing PHP applications, you only need to start the two modules Apache and MySQL. It will allow PHP programs to run on your computer.

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System Requirements

  • Microsoft Visual C++ 2017 Redistributable
  • 64 MB RAM (RECOMMENDED)
  • 750 MB free fixed disk
  • Windows XP, VISTA, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 10

Components

XAMPP is a free and open-source local web server package. It has following components:

  • Apache: Free and open source web server Apache is the most widely used server to test web projects.
  • MySQL/MariaDB: MySQL/MariaDB is also one of the most popular relational database management system. MySQL, Apache and PHP together provides the complete solution for data storage and web services. New versions of XAMPP have MariaDB instead of MySQL. MariaDB is actually a community-developed fork of MySQL.
  • PHP: PHP is a basically a scripting language especially designed for web development. This server-side programming language enables developers to create dynamic websites or applications.
  • Perl: Perl is also a scripting language designed for web development and network programming. Perl also enables users to program dynamic web applications.

Installation

Windows Installation:

  • To install XAMPP as localhost web server, download it from here.
  • Install the executable file.
  • Then click “Next”.
  • After that choose the components you want to install.
  • For most web apps you only need Apache, MySQL, PHP, and phpMyAdmin.
  • Then select the installation directory where you want to install XAMPP.
  • You will be shown a windows security alert. You must check the following option: “Private networks, such as my home or work network”.
  • Finally click on “Finish” to complete installation.

Ubuntu Installation:

  • Download XAMPP to download folder from here.
  • Move to the Downloads folder by using the following command:
  • The installation package you downloaded needs to be made executable before it can be used further. Run the following command for this purpose:
  • Now the install package is in an executable form.
  • Execute Installer file
  • Launch the Setup Wizard
  • Setup Wizard for XAMPP will open up
  • Then click “Next”.
  • Choose the components you want to install.

Xampp Server Download For Windows 10

  • For most web apps you only need Apache, MySQL, PHP, and phpMyAdmin.
  • Then select the installation directory where you want to install XAMPP.
  • After that you will be shown a windows security alert. You must check the following option: “Private networks, such as my home or work network”.
  • Finally click on “Finish” to complete installation of this open source web server.

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