2016-11-16 - Explore Ticn's board 'M1A2' on Pinterest. Want to support the cha.
- A great compilation with a M1/M1A1/M1A2/M1A2 SEP tanks. Music is Testament - Hammer of the Gods.All of video clips aren't mine. Feel free to copy, without my.
- This video explores strengths and weakness of most modern variants of Abrams and T-90 tanks. It pits them against each other in battle and analyzes other are.
- The M1A2 baseline does not have 2nd Gen Thermals Per Se. However, the M1A2 SEP v1. Does have upgraded gunner and commander Thermals labeled Gen 2. I think the 2a5 lost its gunner 2nd Gen and kept their Commander 2nd Gen. Edited May 28, 2020 by LumberJack54.
According to Pentagon current plans, the main battle tanks of the M1A2 Abrams will remain in service for the next several decades. They are planned to be regularly repaired and modernized. At the same time, the military is not going to abandon the existing 120 mm M256A1 gun. To increase the combat qualities, it is planned to continue to improve the LMS and create new ammunition. Over the past few decades, the Pentagon and American industrystudied the possibility of a radical upgrade of weapons of MBT M1A2, but in the end everything remained as before. Tanks, as before, carry 120 mm M256A1 guns with a 44-caliber barrel. Their replacement is not planned in the future - with all the updates and improvements, the Abrams will retain their regular weapons. It is proposed to increase combat characteristics by improving other components of the weapons complex. Ammunition plays an important role in this process.
The ongoing M1 Abrams tank Block modernization program in the late 1980s had initially expected to integrate electrothermal or electromagnetic weapon systems into the M1A3 (or M1 Block III) tank. But it was subsequently determined that these weapon system technologies would not be available to meet threat-driven timelines.
The US Army does not yet visualize a change in the central role of the tank on the future battlefield. While recognizing the importance of UAVs, digitization, and helicopters, the need for a tank-like system remains a high priority well into the next century. Foreign advances in protection and gun/ammo combinations that are already in evidence indicate that by approximately 2015, the Abrams may be surpassed in its world #1 ranking by a new tank, perhaps Russian, if no new improvements were added to the Abrams M1A2 SEP tank.
An assessment of the Armor modernization strategy in August 1995 by the Armor Center concluded that a holistic approach to Armor vehicle modernization was needed, that existing plans were unaffordable, and that the science and technology base for Armor was not aligned with 21st Century battlefield needs. The realization of these shortcomings led to the Atlanta Caucus Initiative on 22 November 1995.
A second Armor Caucus was held during the June 1996 Armor Conference. Senior Armor leadership reviewed the key points of the previous caucus and were briefed on the current status of the Armor Modernization Plan. Caucus leadership determined that the M1A2 SEP tank with high payoff improvements may be called an “M1A3,” but would not include a new turret or 140mm gun.
At that time, the next upgrade of the Abrams Tank, the M1A3, will sustain lethality overmatch while increasing its survivability on a more lethal battlefield. The M1A3 will incorporate the most advanced fire control of any tank, combined with the punch needed to defeat any tank it would encounter. The M1A3 will-be the last upgrade of the Abrams line, allowing the Army to retain maneuver dominance on the battlefield in the near future, while positioning tank development for the Future Main Battle Tank (FMBT), a leap ahead in technology. RDTE for the M1A3 was to begin in FY02, with procurement tentatively programmed for FY05. M1A3 would be fielded to FP1 units beginning in FY07 and will complete fielding to forward deployed units in FY15.
A careful search of new technology failed to show a breakthrough for tank improvements before 2020. Several technologies could bring improvements to the Abrams family, but no such technology was on the horizon that would make it necessary and cost effective to opt for a new tank, or Future Main Battle System (FMBS), before 2015.
When the Army pulled vehicles back in from down range, they were not resetting them back to their old standard, but resetting them to the modernized standard of the Abrams Integrated Management (AIM) tank and the M1A3 system enhancement program (SEP) tank. This new equipment was perhaps some of the best the Army has. The command control is very much improved, the sites are better, and everything is just more advanced, giving passengers in the vehicle more situational awareness. The entire inside even has all digital systems. They just took an already really good tank and made it even better.
Army chief of staff GEN Ray Odierno testified before the House Armed Services Committee in early 2012 that the Army had more than enough tanks in the field and wanted to shut down production and halt upgrades for several years. The Army’s proposal would have closed down production of the main battle tank from 2013 through 2016. Production would resume in 2017 but on the M1A3, a newer version with advanced technology. This three-year moratorium on tank production and upgrades would have saved taxpayers more than $3 billion, according to General Odierno.
Not unexpectedly, the champions of continued funding for the Abrams tank were Rep. Jim Jordan (R-OH) and Senators Rob Portman (R-OH) and Sherrod Brown (D-OH), all three hailing from the Buckeye State where the tank is produced.
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The Abrams is unique in presenting both chemical energy (high-explosive antitank rounds) and kinetic energy (sabot rounds) threats to enemy tanks, complicating the enemy’s defensive efforts. However, though the 120 mm gun on the M1 is highly accurate and lethal, it is limited to engaging line-of-sight targets out to a range of approximately five km.
Introduction of a new medium-range, non- line-of-sight (NLOS) munition for that gun would greatly expand the engagement area, allowing more dispersed Abrams units to exert influence over more terrain. Such rounds would undoubtedly cost more than those now fired from the M1, but their costs may compare favorably with the cost of employing a precision munition from an aircraft when launch platform operating costs are included. Moreover, a medium-range engagement capability would yield survivability benefits by allowing the Abrams to engage from beyond the range of most ground-based anti-armor threats. Over the last decade, the development of a number of smaller and less expensive precision munitions, many for use on drones, may reduce the development risk for a precision round for the M1.
M1a2 Sep 3
The US Army was exploring just such a round in the XM1111 Mid-Range Munition, in association with the FCS program, awarding a development contract in 2008. With a planned maximum range of at least 12 km, the fire-and-forget XM1111 would have allowed an M1 to engage targets over an area almost six times larger than possible with today’s five km engagement range. However, the Army terminated the XM1111 program in May 2009 as part of the dismantling of the larger FCS program.
Extended Range Cannon Artillery (ERCA) with Automated Ammunition Handling System (AAHS) provides lethality overmatch for 155mm artillery systems by allowing extended range capability with improved accuracy and increased rates of fire for both self-propelled and towed Howitzers. Using lightweight, high-strength materials, structures and advanced manufacturing processes for the cannon, mount and autoloader, ERCA will be able to achieeve lethality overmatch at extended ranges and at reduced size, weight, power, and cooling. When used in conjunction with concurrently developed ammunition, the system will be capable of achieving extended ranges over current capabilities while maintaining compatibility with the current modular artillery charge system propelling charge.
The XM360 Next-Generation Large Caliber Cannon Technology 120mm tank cannon integrated with the AAHS will provide the M1Abrams a capability to fire the next generation of high-energy and smart-tank ammunition at beyond line-of-sight (LOS) ranges. The XM360 could also incorporate remote control operation technologies to allow its integration on autonomous vehicles and vehicles with reduced crew size. For lighter weight vehicles, recoil limitations are overcome by incorporating the larger caliber rarefaction wave gun technology while providing guided, stabilized LOS, course-corrected LOS, and beyond LOS accuracy.
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