Spring Tool Suite For Mac

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Written by Nam Ha Minh
Last Updated on 11 March 2020 Print Email
In this tutorial, we will walk you through the steps of creating a hello world Spring MVC application using Spring Tool Suite (an Eclipse-based IDE). You will learn the fundamental concepts of Spring MVC during building the sample application. The tools/technologies used in this tutorial include (of course you can use newer versions):
    • Spring framework 3.2.2
    • Spring Tool Suite IDE 3.2.0 (based on Eclipse Juno 4.2.2).
    • vFabric tc Server Developer Edition v2.8 (based on Apache Tomcat and optimized for Spring applications).
Table of content:

1. About Spring Tool Suite IDE

This wikiHow will teach you how to download and install Spring on your Mac or Windows computer. Spring is a coding (like Java) environment that's free and you must have Java SDK v1.8 or higher. Go to You can also. Download spring tool suite for mac for free. Developer Tools downloads - Spring Tool Suite by Pivotal Software, Inc. And many more programs are available for instant and free download. This project is about creating first Python project in Eclipse and STS.Python project in Mac STS Eclipse. STS PyDev integration. PyDev in Eclipse.PyDev Pro. Dear Spring Community, I am happy to announce the 3.9.9 maintenance release of the Spring Tool Suite 3 (STS3). Highlights from this release include: updated to Eclipse 2019-06 release mimics the https-preferring XSD schema lookup of the core Spring framework allows users to use https for Spring schema locations as default various bug fixes To.

2. A brief overview about Spring MVC

3. Creating a Spring MVC project in Spring Tool Suite IDE

3.1.Maven dependencies configuration

3.2.Spring MVC configuration

3.3.Web deployment descriptor (web.xml)

3.4.The example controller: HomeController.java

3.5.The example JSP view: home.jsp

4. Deploying and running the application

5. Modifying the project

Watch this tutorial in video:

1. About Spring Tool Suite IDE

Spring Tool Suite (STS) is an Eclipse-based IDE which is dedicated for developing Spring-based projects. It is actively developed and maintained by the SpringSource community. STS facilitates and simplifies Spring-based applications development by providing robust project templates such as Spring Batch, Spring Integration, Spring Persistence (Hibernate + JPA), Spring MVC, etc. In addition, with Maven integration, STS releases developers from manually managing Spring jar files in their projects. You always get the latest update of Spring artifacts from Maven repository.You can choose to download and install STS in one of three ways:
    • Download and install STS from an installer program.
    • Install STS through Eclipse update.
    • Download and extract zip archive.


2. A brief overview about Spring MVC

Let’s take a look at how Spring MVC works. The following diagram depicts the architecture of Spring MVC framework:As its name says, the Spring MVC framework is based on the Model - View - Controller (MVC) design pattern which separates the application’s logic into the three layers Mode, View and Controller. MVC is implemented in Spring by the following components:
    • Spring’s dispatcher servlet: acts as a front controller between the Spring application and its clients. The dispatcher servlet intercepts all requests coming to the application and consults the Handler Mapping for which controller to be invoked to handle the requests.
    • Handler Mapping: is responsible to find appropriate controllers that handle specific requests. The mapping between request URLs and controller classes is done via XML configuration or annotations.
    • Controller:is responsible to process the requests by calling other business/service classes. The output can be attached to model objects which will be sent to the view. To know which view will be rendered, the controller consults the View Resolver.
    • View Resolver: finds the physical view files from the logical names.
    • View:physical view files which can be JSP, HTML, XML, Velocity template, etc.

3. Creating a Spring MVC project in Spring Tool Suite IDE

Now let’s play with the Spring Tool Suite IDE to see how it leverages Spring application development.Start STS in your own workspace and make sure the current perspective is Spring (default). From main menu, select File > New > Spring Template Project:In the New Template Project dialog, select Spring MVC Project:Click Next, it requires downloading an update of the template (for the first time you use this template or whenever an update available):Click YesSpring initializer to download the update, it should process quickly and then bring the New Spring MVC Project:In this dialog, enter the following information:
    • Project name: HelloSpringMVC
    • Top-level package: net.codejava.springmvc
NOTE:Be careful when selecting the package name, because the last element (springmvc in net.codejava.springmvc) will be used as artifactIdin Maven project file (pom.xml) and as context path of the application. However we can change this in the pom.xml file (which will be discussed later in this tutorial).Click Finish, STS will create a Spring MVC-based project with some defaults for controller, views and configuration. You may get the errors in the Project Explorer/Package Explorer like this:And errors in the Markers views like this:Don’t worry, that’s because Maven hasn’t update some dependencies yet. We are going to fix these errors right now. Right click on project name in the Project Explorer view, select Maven > Update Project… from the context menu:In the Update Maven Project dialog, select the checkbox Force Update of Snapshots/Releases:Click Finish, wait a while for Maven downloading the required dependencies then the errors will be gone away.Now let’s explore what has been created by the Spring MVC Project template. Expand the branches in the Project Explorer view, we would see the project is structured like this:As we can see, STS created all the nuts and bolts for a typical Spring MVC application: XML configuration, jar dependencies, an example controller, and an example JSP view. Let’s look at these pieces in more details.

3.1. Maven dependencies configuration

Here’s a partial content of the pom.xml file:The generated pom.xml file includes all necessary dependencies for Spring core and Spring MVC, as well as servlet API, logging, etc. The noteworthy points are marked by red rectangles in the screenshot above.Value of the artifactId element will be used as context path of the web application when deploying the project on a server running within the IDE. That means we will access this application in the following form:

http://localhost:port/springmvc

If we want to change version of Spring framework, just updating value of the org.springframework-version element. Because the version 3.1.1.RELEASE is not the latest, change it to the latest release 3.2.2.RELEASE (at writing time) as follows:

<org.springframework-version>3.2.2.RELEASE</org.springframework-version>

Just by saving the

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pom.xml file, Maven will detect the change and updates all the related dependencies immediately.

3.2. Spring MVC configuration

STS created two Spring configuration files: root-context.xml and servlet-context.xml.Springroot-context.xml:This specifies configuration for root Spring container which are shared by all servlets and filters. The root-context.xml file is loaded by the Spring’s ContextLoaderListener upon application’s startup. This file is empty by default.servlet-context.xml:This file is loaded by the Spring’s DispatcherServlet which receives all requests coming into the application and dispatches processing for controllers, based on the configuration specified in this servlet-context.xml file. Let’s look at some default configurations:
    • <annotation-driven />: tells the framework to use annotations-based approach to scan files in the specified packages. Thus we can use the @Controller annotation for the controller class, instead of declaring XML elements.
    • <resources mapping=…/>: maps static resources directly with HTTP GET requests. For example images, javascript, CSS,. resources do not have to go through controllers.
    • Bean InternalResourceViewResolver: this bean declaration tells the framework how to find physical JSP files according to logical view names returned by the controllers, by attaching the prefix and the suffix to a view name. For example, if a controller’s method returns “home” as logical view name, then the framework will find a physical file “home.jsp” under the /WEB-INF/views directory.
    • <context:component-scan …/>: tell the framework which packages to be scanned when using annotation-based strategy. Here the framework will scan all classes under the package net.codejava.springmvc.
When the application grows up, we will put more configurations for business beans, DAOs, transactions, etc.

3.3. Web deployment descriptor (web.xml)

Here is content of the generated web.xml file:This is the typical configuration for a Spring MVC-based application with declaration for Spring’s ContextLoaderListener and DispatcherServlet along with the Spring configuration files root-context.xml and servlet-context.xml. Finally, it specifies the URL mapping for Spring’s DispatcherServlet to handle all requests.

3.4. The example controller: HomeController.java

Following is the generated code of the controller class:As we can see, the @Controller annotation is used to specify this class is a Spring controller, and the @RequestMapping annotation specifies that the home() method will handle a GET request with the URL / (default page of the application). In one controller class we can write many methods to handle different URLs.Inside the home() method, it creates a String object to hold the current date based on the current locale, and adds this object to the model with the name “serverTime”:Tool

model.addAttribute('serverTime', formattedDate);

And finally the method returns a view named “home”, which will be resolved by the view resolver specified in the servlet-context.xml file, to find the actual view file.


3.5. The example JSP view: home.jsp

The home.jsp file is generated under /WEB-INF/views directory with the following content:This code is very simple, it just prints out value of the variable “serverTime” which is passed by the controller, using an EL expression:

The time on the server is ${serverTime}.

So far we have gone through all the stuffs generated by the Spring MVC Project template. Notice we haven’t written any line of code yet, but the application is ready to be deployed and tested now. Let’s go!

4. Deploying and running the application

In Spring Tool Suite IDE, switch to the Servers view. Probably you should see the VMWare vFabric tc Server like this:If you don’t see any server, follow these steps to add one:
  • Right click inside the Servers view then select New > Server from the context menu (Or click on the link new server wizard, if this link available):
  • In the New Server dialog, select VMware > VMware vFabric tc Server…as follows:
  • Click Next, you may have to select installation directory for the server:For a STS installation, the server usually installed in the following directory:

    STS_HOMEvfabric-tc-server-developer-VERSION

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  • Click Next. In the next screen, keep the option Create a new instanceselected:
  • Click Next. In the next screen, type tcServer as name for the new instance and select base as the template:
  • Click Finish, to complete the server setup and you should see the server appears in the Servers view.
Now deploy our HelloSpringMVC application as simple as drag-n-drop the project to the server:The application is deployed on the server if we see it beneath the server name like this:Start the server by right clicking on the server name then select Start from the context menu (or click on the start icon). Wait for seconds while the server is starting, you should see some verbose output in the Console view:Notice the last line indicates the server has been started without any problem. Open a web browser window and type the following URL into its address bar:

http://localhost:8080/springmvc

If everything is going well (of course), we would see following screen:Congratulations! We have got our first Spring MVC application running, it prints the current date time on the server. If you refresh the page, you should see the time changes.


5. Modifying the project

So far we have tested and seen the generated application running. Now let’s add some changes to the project for further understanding Spring MVC.Add the following method into the HomeController.java class:This method will handle requests having the URL pattern /testand does the following chore:
    • Adds a String object as an attribute into the model with name “message” and value is “Greetings, Spring MVC!”.
    • Returns a logical view named “test”.

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Because the test() method returns “test” view name, and following the configuration specified by the view resolver, we have to create a JPS file called test.jsp under /WEB-INF/views directory, with the following content:This page is deadly simple, as it prints out value of the variable “message” which will be passed by the controller. Now get back to the browser window, change the URL to:

http://localhost:8080/springmvc/test

Hit Enter, we should be welcomed by the following screen:Hurrah! We have finished walking through a quite long journey with Spring Tool Suite IDE and our first Spring MVC application. We hope this tutorial would be useful for those who want to be leveraged by Spring Tool Suite in Spring applications development. It’s time to break!

Other Spring Tutorials:


About the Author:

Nam Ha Minh is certified Java programmer (SCJP and SCWCD). He started programming with Java in the time of Java 1.4 and has been falling in love with Java since then. Make friend with him on Facebook and watch his Java videos you YouTube.

1. Overview

Spring

Spring Boot provides sensible defaults for many configuration properties. But we sometimes need to customize these with our case-specific values.

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And a common use case is changing the default port for the embedded server.

In this quick tutorial, we'll cover several ways to achieve this.

Further reading:

Properties with Spring and Spring Boot

Tutorial for how to work with properties files and property values in Spring.

Spring Boot Change Context Path

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Learn various ways of changing the context path in your Spring Boot application

2. Using Property Files

The fastest and easiest way to customize Spring Boot is by overriding the values of the default properties.

For the server port, the property we want to change is server.port.

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By default, the embedded server starts on port 8080.

So, let's see how to provide a different value in an application.properties file:

Now the server will start on port 8081.

And we can do the same if we're using an application.yml file:

Both files are loaded automatically by Spring Boot if placed in the src/main/resources directory of a Maven application.

2.1. Environment-Specific Ports

If we have an application deployed in different environments, we may want it to run on different ports on each system.

We can easily achieve this by combining the property files approach with Spring profiles. Specifically, we can create a property file for each environment.

For example, we'll have an application-dev.properties file with this content:

Then we'll add another application-qa.properties file with a different port:

Now, the property files configuration should be sufficient for most cases. However, there are other options for this goal, so let's explore them as well.

3. Programmatic Configuration

We can configure the port programmatically either by setting the specific property when starting the application or by customizing the embedded server configuration.

First, let's see how to set the property in the main @SpringBootApplication class:

Next, to customize the server configuration, we have to implement the WebServerFactoryCustomizer interface:

Note that this applies to the Spring Boot 2.x version.

For Spring Boot 1.x, we can similarly implement the EmbeddedServletContainerCustomizer interface.

4. Using Command-Line Arguments

When packaging and running our application as a jar, we can set the server.port argument with the java command:

or by using the equivalent syntax:

5. Order of Evaluation

As a final note, let's look at the order in which these approaches are evaluated by Spring Boot.

Basically, the configurations priority is

  • embedded server configuration
  • command-line arguments
  • property files
  • main @SpringBootApplication configuration

6. Conclusion

In this article, we saw how to configure the server port in a Spring Boot application.

As always, the source code for the examples is available over on GitHub.

Get started with Spring 5 and Spring Boot 2, through the Learn Spring course:

>> CHECK OUT THE COURSE