Enable SSL for a localhost URL. By default, the localhost domain allow you to access any file inside the xampp/htdocs folder. For example, if you have an HTML file namely file.html located in C:/xampp/htdocs/file.html, then you can access it in the browser at with the HTTP protocol easily.
XAMPP stack of software is an open-source localhost server providing a number of functionalities through the package of software it contains. The software, which is part of XAMPP is started/stopped using the XAMPP Control Panel. It is used for testing the projects and modifications offline before launching it on the global web. One such very important functionality provided by XAMPP is the creation of the MySQL database. This is done by using phpMyAdmin. The detailed explanation of what is phpMyAdmin and how to use it to create MySQL database with XAMPP will be discussed in this article.
- This file is located in the folder xampp apache conf ssl.csr. You might be required to upload the CSR file OR to paste its contents into part of your application process. If you need to do the latter, open the server.csr file in WordPad (Notepad does not display this file correctly).
- Overall, XAMPP is an excellent way to run web applications, Wordpress or other blogging and CMS platforms on a Windows system. XAMPP 8.0.3-0 on 32-bit and 64-bit PCs This download is licensed as freeware for the Windows (32-bit and 64-bit) operating system on a laptop or desktop PC from servers without restrictions.
phpMyAdmin is a costless and open source software that provides the functionality of operating and managing MySQL over the internet. It provides an ease to the user to control and supervise the database with the help of a graphic user interface known as phpMyAdmin.This GUI is written in PHP programming language. Over time it has gained a lot of trust and demand for the purpose of finding a web-based MySQL administration solution. The user can operate upon MySQL via phpMyAdmin user interface while still directly executing SQL queries. The GUI allows the host to carry a number of manipulation operations on the database, such as editing, creating, dropping, amending, alteration of fields, tables, indexes, etc. It can also be used to manage access control over the data by giving privileges and permissions. phpMyAdmin has thus a vital role to play in handling and creating a database.
Steps To Create MySQL Database Using XAMPP
STEP 1- Navigate to XAMPP in your system or simply launch it by clicking the XAMPP Icon. The Control Panel is now visible and can be used to initiate or halt the working of any module.
STEP 2- Click on the 'Start' button corresponding to Apache and MySQL modules. Once it starts working, the user can see the following screen:
STEP 3- Now click on the 'Admin' button corresponding to the MySQL module. This automatically redirects the user to a web browser to the following address-
STEP 4- One can see a number of tabs such as Database, SQL, User Accounts, Export, Import, Settings, etc. Click on the 'Database' tab. Here you can see the Create option. Choose an appropriate name for the input field titled Database name. Things to keep in mind while selecting the name for the database are-
- The number of characters used should be equal to or less than 64.
- The name should comprise of letters, numbers and underscore.
- The DB name should not start with a number.
- It should be relevant to the topic for which it is being created.
Make sure the database is successfully created.
STEP 5- It is very important to create tables in order to store the information in a systematic manner. In this step, we will build tables for the created database. In the created Database (Login page in this case), click on the 'Structure' tab. Towards the end of the tables list, the user will see a 'Create Table' option. Fill the input fields titled 'Name' and 'Number of Columns' and hit the 'Go' button.
STEP 6- Now, we have to initialize our columns based on their type. Enter the names for each of your columns, select the type, and the maximum length allowed for the input field. Click on 'Save' in the bottom right corner. The table with the initialized columns has been created. You can create any number of tables for your database.
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STEP 1- Click on the 'User Accounts' tab at the top of the page.
STEP 2- Press 'Edit Privileges' under 'Actions' option corresponding the Username= 'root' and Hostname = 'localhost'
STEP 3- Click on the tab 'Change password' and type your password in the provided field. Retype the password to confirm it and then finally click on the 'Go.' Now the password has been set.
Setting up an SSL certificate for XAMPP is pretty straight forward, but it won’t completely work if you are trying to use a private, local domain on your own computer. This is mostly caused by the certificates not being issues by a Certificate Authority, but rather it’s a self-signed certificate.
You can be your own Certificate Authority easy enough, but everything has to be typed correctly at the command prompt or it can fail, leaving you scratching your head. Completing a CA cert and SSL cert process may complete and the certificate is still not verifiable because something was not quite right in the configuration.
Another thing that I discovered is that copying a command from the Internet may not work correctly due to some hidden chars in the string.
Once you are successful at generating a root CA cert and an SSL cert, it’s a matter of setting up the XAMPP Apache configuration. Then you will have to edit the root CA cert that CURL uses so that it can verify you SSL cert. The PHP CURL configuration needs to point to this file and if you use WordPress, this root CA cert needs to be added to the WordPress includes as well.
First install XAMPP and get it running so that you can access it’s dashboard in your browser via http.
Next, we want to add the path to OpenSSL to our path system variable so we don’t have to be in the xampp/apache/bin directory to run it. I assume you know how to add a directory to you Windows 10 system path already. If not, simply run SystemPropertiesAdvanced command, click the “Environment Variables” button and add the path to the end of the “Path” system variable (e.g. C:/xampp/apache/bin).
Rapid Environment Editor is a great tool to edit your system path with.
Note, Windows 10 comes with CURL, so if you don’t add xampp/apache/bin to your path system variable, you will be running the Windows installation of CURL and not the one included with XAMMP. Place the path to the xampp/apache/bin directory before %SystemRoot%system32.
Next, we add a crt/dev.local directory under Apache and work inside this directory.
Run Windows cmd.exe.
Now you are going to make yourself a Certificate Authority.
Now you have a CA private key and CA certificate.
Next we will use these to generate an SSL private key and cert.
Make a file named csr.ext with the following entries. This is important to have an “alt_name” so it will work in Chrome. Add localhost and 127.0.0.1 so it will work with those too.
The next batch of commends is a two line command made to enter after executing openssl. You will get a prompt to enter commands and you can continue on the next line with a “” at the end of each line.
Now you will need to tell Windows about your CA certificate.
Run the Windows Cert Manager certmgr. Choose Trusted Root Certification Authorities, right click on Certificates>>All Tasks>>Import… and import your CA Certificate (EWWCA.pem).
Choose the file. You will need to choose “All Files (*.*)” in the file chooser dialog to show your pem file or type it in directly.
Place all certificates in the following store: Trusted Root Certificate Authorities.
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Baat hamari pakki hai serial. Click Finish.
You will get a “The import was successful.” message and then you will be able to browse the root certificates and see the one you just added.
Now all you need to do is create virtual hosts in Apache and point to the new SSL Certificate and Key that you made.
Open the Apache httpd-xampp.conf file and add these entries:
Now, https should work in Chrome and Edge, but not in Firefox. If it doesn’t work, restart your browser or restart your computer.
You will need to import your CA certificate directly into Firefox’s CA store.
Run Firefox and go to Options>>Privacy & Security>>Security Devices and click on the “View Certificates…” button. On the next dialog box, click on the Authorities tab and click the “Import…” button.
On the next dialog box, check the 2 boxes and click OK.
Now https should work in Firefox. If not, restart Firefox or restart the computer.
Now check your PHP.ini file and enable extension=curl and point curl.cainfo and openssl.cafile both to C:xamppapachebincurl-ca-bundle.crt. CURL will work for PHP scripts now, unless the script uses it’s own CA bundle file. (See below how to enable your CA cert in WordPress.)
At this point, CURL included with XAMPP will work if you access https sites on the Internet, but it will fail if you access a site on dev.localhost because CURL uses curl-ca-bundle.crt file for it’s CA certs. Your new CA cert is not in this file, so you will need to open up curl-ca-bundle.crt and your pem file (EWWCA.pem) in a text editor.
Copy everything in the pem file.
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Open up the curl-ca-bundle.csr file located in xampp/apache/bin and scroll down to the very bottom of the file and paste in your CA cert. Ensure there are no spaces or new lines at the end. As shown in the screenshot above, you can also add a title to the cert so you know what it is.
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Save the file and now CURL will work https on dev.localhost from the command line (cmd.exe).
To enable CURL to work in WordPress, after you have added your CA cert to it as per the previous instructions, copy the curl-ca-bundle.csr file to the /wp-includes/certificates folder. Then rename ca-bundle.csr to ca-bundle.old and change curl-ca-bundle.csr filename to ca-bundle.scr.
CURL should now work with any WordPress plugins that access https://dev.localhost URLs.